John Preston Arthur. A History of Watauga County, North Carolina: With Sketches of Prominent Families. Richmond, Va.:Everett Waddey Co., 1915.

Genealogical and historical information about Watauga County's significant families is contained in this text. The Councill family is discussed in this text. The Councills were major land and slave owners in Boone, NC. Much of the current Junaluska community lives on land once owned by the Councills.

Keefe, Susan E. Junaluska: Oral Histories of a Black Appalachian Community. Jefferson: McFarland & Company, Inc, 2020.

      "Susan Keefe has worked closely with members of the community in editing this book, which is based on three decades of participatory research. These life history narratives adapted from interviews with residents (born between 1885 and 1993) offer a people's history of the black experience in the southern mountains. Their stories provide a unique glimpse into the lives of African Americans in Appalachia during the 20th century--and a community determined to survive through the next."

How Firm A Foundation (Appalachian State Special Collections, BX 8116.3.A37.M55, 1997).

A book detailing the founding of Boone, NC's Mennonite Brethren Church. The text includes descriptions of founders and important events.

Katherine Siemens Richert. Go Tell It on the Mountain: The Story of the North Carolina-Tennessee Mennonite Mission. Fresno, California: Jet Print, 1984.

This book discusses the history of the Mennonite movement in Western North Carolina, which is significant to the founding of the Boone Mennonite Brethren Church--a pilar in the Junaluska community.

Betty Jamerson Reed. School Segregation in Western North Carolina: A History, 1860s-1970s. Jefferson, North Carolina: Macfarland & Company, 2011.

A short survey of the Western North Carolina's segregated black schools from the Reconstruction period through integration. One portion of the book specifically focuses on the Watauga Consolidated School of Boone, NC.



Gokee, Cameron, Alice P. Wright, Kristen Baldwin Deathridge "Building a Sustainable Community Archaeology in Black Appalachia: Notes from Junaluska, North Carolina" in The Public Historian, Vol. 44, No. 4, pp. 84–103 (November 2022). ISSN: 0272-3433. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1525/tph.2022.44.4.84. The Regents of the University of California and the National Council on Public History.

Guinca, Mary. “Reclaiming a community treasure: Appalachian research, community support culminate in marker at African-American cemetery.” Appalachian Today. Oct. 4, 2017. https://today.appstate.edu/2017/10/04/community-treasure

“Junaluska Jubilee: Photos from the Celebration of Boone's Historic Black Neighborhood.” High Country Press, July 20, 2015. https://www.hcpress.com/front-page/junaluska-jubilee-2015-photos-from-saturdays-annual-celebration-of-boones-historic-black-neighborhood.html.

Keefe, Susan E., and Jodie D. Manross. 1999. “Race, Religion, and Community: The Demolition of a Black Church”. Appalachian Journal 26 (3). Appalachian Journal & Appalachian State University: 252–63. http://www.jstor.org/stable/40933981.

This article discusses the demolition of Boone Chapel, the oldest church in the Junaluska community at the time of its destruction in the 1990s. The church offered Methodist services and its history was intimately tied with racism and segregation in Western North Carolina.

Wood, Jesse. “Junaluska Heritage Association Requests Signage Fencing of Black Section of Cemetery Off Howard Street.” High Country Press. June 19, 2014. https://www.hcpress.com/news/junaluska-heritage-association-presses-for-signage-fencing-of-black-portion-of-cemetery-off-of-howard-street.html

Appalachian State Special Collections:

"Reverend Ronda Horton Interview, 1973", Miscellaneous Oral History Transcripts, W. L. Eury Appalachian Collection, Appalachian State University, Boone, North Carolina, USA.

The contents of this oral history interview predominantly provided the information found in the 1840s to 1930s history section of this website. The interview details a significant portion of Rev. Ronda Horton's life.


Watauga Public Library:

"Junaluska/Black Community" Folder at the Watauga County Library, Boone, NC

Information about the JHA and articles about the Junaluska community can be found, here.

Digital Watauga Junaluska Heritage Collection

A large number of photos going back around 100 years can be found in this online collection.


Online Resources:

"Boonies: Junaluska Community"

"Erica Starke-Knight interviews the matriarchs of this little known but mighty Black community established in the late 1800’s in the Southern Appalachian town of Boone, NC."

Aired: 12/09/22

“Invisible Appalachia: Junaluska” 

This article discusses the invisibility of the Junaluska community and provides information about the neighborhood's history.


Find significant Junaluska neighborhood locations on a map.

"We Got It Right by Chris Eidse" 

This account is found on the Boone Mennonite Brethren Church's website and discusses the unique mixture of culture and faith witnessed through Boone's Mennonite services. The article also discusses the complex history of the church. 

“Junaluska: WNC’s Oldest Black Community?”

A Watauga Democrat article explaining how a recent historic preservation project led by Appalachian State students unearthed evidence that Junaluska could be Western North Carolina's oldest black community.

“Junaluska Project Unearth’s Boone’s Black History”

This article discusses the goals of the Junaluska History Project, a precursor group to the Junaluska Heritage Association.

“Pictures from Watauga’s Past Have Found a Virtual Home”

This article discusses the Digital Watauga project, as linked in the Watauga Public Library resources section above.

“Junaluska Jubilee 2015 Photos from Saturday’s Annual Celebration of Boone’s Historic Black Neighboorhood”

A Watauga Democrat article with numerous photographs of the 2015 Jubilee Celebration.

“First Annual Junaluska Jubilee Celebrate the Heritage of Boone’s Black Community on Saturday”

An article written about the first annual Junaluska Jubilee. The event was held in 2012.

"Introducing the Junaluska Jubilee"

An article advertising the first annual Jubilee celebration alongside information about the founding of the JHA.

Jubilee honoring Rev. Rond Horton

This article describes the significance of Rev. Ronda Horton to the Junaluska community. Rev. Horton was the first leader to be honored at an annual jubilee celebration.

Jubilee honoring Rev. Rockford Hatton

A Watauga Democrat article discussing the honoring of Rev. Hatton in the second annual jubilee celebration.

A List of Men Who Served

The above link directs you to a list of Junaluska men who have served in the military between WWI and today.